Friday, May 22, 2020
In Alice Walkers Everyday Use, the message about the preservation of heritage, specifically African-American heritage, is very clear. It is obvious that Walker believes that a persons heritage should be a living, dynamic part of the culture from which it arose and not a frozen timepiece only to be observed from a distance. There are two main approaches to heritage preservation depicted by the characters in this story. The narrator, a middle-aged African-American woman, and her youngest daughter Maggie, are in agreement with Walker. To them, their family heritage is everything around them that is involved in their everyday lives and everything that was involved in the lives of their ancestors. To Dee, the narrators oldestÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, Dee does not realize that. Apparently, she believes that by changing her name she is expressing solidarity with her African ancestors and rejecting the oppression implied by the taking on of American names by black slaves. Commenting on the way Dee is acting when they sit down to eat, her mother says, Everything delighted her. Even the fact that we still used the benches her daddy made for the table when we couldnt afford to buy chairs (411). Dee seems to be so interested in all of the little household items that her family still uses. When she sees the top to the butter churn that her Uncle whittled out of a tree, she wants to keep it and use it a centerpiece for her alcove table. Also, Dee says, Ill think of something artistic to do with the dasher (412). These items are a part of life for Maggie and her mother, but to Dee they are merely pieces for decoration. Interestingly enough, Maggie knows exactly whom in her family made the items that Dee is claiming for house decorations. She informs Dee that, Aunt Dee s first husband whittled that dashÃâ¦His name was Henry, but they called him Stash (412). The girls mother comments earlier in the story that [Maggie] knows shes not bright. Like good looks and money, quickness passed her by (409). However, unlike her older sister, she understands her family heritage and the importance of it in her life. The strongest example of Dees confusion and of Walkers beliefShow MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Family Heritage By Alice Walker1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSydney Elliott ENGL 102-52 Dr. Irmer February 25, 2015 The Importance of Family Heritage One of the most inspiring authors in American history is Alice Walker. Walker is the youngest child in a sharecropper family that found her overly ambitious and highly competitive (Walker 609). This gave her a strong fighting attitude, which allowed her to make positive changes in an extremely racist society. Unfortunately, when she was young, Walker was accidentally shot in her right eye with a BB gun whileRead MoreEveryday Use By Alice Walker1725 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSometimes people forget that heritage has to do with truly understanding their past. Many often misrepresent it, especially the younger generations who just accept its presence. Alice WalkerÃ¢â¬â¢s short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Everyday Use,Ã¢â¬ revolves around an African American family that consists of three women, who are very different from each other. The story begins with Maggie and Mama waiting in the yard for Dee, the main character, to visit from Augusta. Dee is the first person in her family to attend college, w hichRead MoreEssay on Alice Walkers Everyday Use1144 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHeritage is something that people see in various ways. When many people think of heritage they think of past generation and where their family comes from. Other people place their heritage on the value of things, such as old quits that are made from something sentimental. In Everyday Use this is exactly how Maggie thinks of heritage. She wants the quits that were handmade out of her grandmaÃ¢â¬â¢s dresses because to her that is a sign of her heritage. Alice WalkerÃ¢â¬â¢s story is based on heritage. The narratorRead MoreThe Meaning And Maintenance Of Heritage In Alice Walkers Everyday Use974 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Meaning and Maintenance of Heritage in Alice Walkers Everyday Use In Alice WalkerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Everyday Use,Ã¢â¬ Walker uses, the symbolic significance of the quilt in this story to represent the heritage of this family as their heritage signifies where they came from and their traditions and cultural values. Walker demonstrates, that the importance of the quilt was to display the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s history from generation to generation in hopes that each would understand and appreciate their familys background.Read MoreEssay about Autobiography in the Fiction of Alice Walker1077 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhen reading Alice WalkerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Color PurpleÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Everyday Use,Ã¢â¬ it is evident that she writes about her life through her use of allegory. Alice Walker uses the events of her childhood, her observation of the patriarchy in African American culture, and her rebellion against the society she lived in to recount her life through her stories. Alice Walker grew up in a loving household in the years towards the end of the Great Depression. Although her family was poor, they were rich in kindness andRead MoreAlice Walker s Everyday Use906 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHidden Messages A Critique of Alice WalkerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Everyday UseÃ¢â¬ Title Often authors use the titles of their writing to portray a part of the story that will eventually come up, or to give an underlying message about whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going on in the story. In Alice WalkerÃ¢â¬â¢s short story, Everyday Use, she uses a title that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t blatantly seen within the story, but is explained through different aspects of the dialogue and actions of the characters. Walker couldÃ¢â¬â¢ve chosen to explain the title more obviously withinRead MoreComparisson of Mother Tounge and Everyday Use1417 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEdgar Hernandez Professor Ali ENC 1102 March 20, 2014 Amy Tans, Ã¢â¬Å"Mother TongueÃ¢â¬ and Alice Walkers Ã¢â¬Å"Everyday UseÃ¢â¬ both share similar traits in their writings of these two short stories. Ã¢â¬Å"Mother TongueÃ¢â¬ revolves around the experiences Tan and her mother had due to her mothers English speaking limitations, she also revolves her story around the relationship of a mother and daughter. Alice walker on the other hand writes a story narrated by Ã¢â¬Å"MamaÃ¢â¬ the mother of two daughters Maggie and Dee andRead More Family Heritage In Everyday Use Essay1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFamily Heritage In Everyday Use In Alice Walkers Everyday Use, the message about the preservation of heritage, specifically African-American heritage, is very clear. It is obvious that Walker believes that a persons heritage should be a living, dynamic part of the culture from which it arose and not a frozen timepiece only to be observed from a distance. There are two main approaches to heritage preservation depicted by the characters in this story. The narrator, a middle-aged African-AmericanRead More Essay on Appearance vs Reality in Everyday Use and The Gilded Six-Bits1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAppearance versus Reality in Alice Walkers and Zora Neale Hurstons Everyday Use and The Gilded Six-BitsÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã In The Gilded Six-Bits it appears that Otis D. Slemmons, the towns newest arrival, is rich, but by closer inspection by Joe Banks and Missie May, is found to be poor.Ã In Everyday Use, Maggie doesnt appear to be smart enough to honor and appreciate her heritage, but she and not Dee/Wangero is really preserving the family traditions as well as heritage.Ã Both The Gilded Six-BitsRead MoreCharacterization And Suspense In Alice Walkers Everyday Use987 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdetails can be used to build suspense when they are placed in the correct space. Characterization is a huge part of WalkerÃ¢â¬â¢s piece, and the way in which she used imagery and past events builds suspense and provides only needed information. The suspense created by Walker creates a sense of uneasiness in the reader, and adds to the overall message of the story. Through foreshadowing, Alice Walker was able to build up her characters and her plot, while at the same time not giving away too much in formation
Thursday, May 7, 2020
In Edgar Allen PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s, Ã¢â¬Å"The Man of the CrowdÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"LigeiaÃ¢â¬ , and Nathaniel HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s, Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman Brown,Ã¢â¬ there is a constant presence of darkness throughout each text. The darkness displayed in these works allude to the ongoing theme of the ambiguity of sin. Both authors, Poe and Hawthorne, are considered to be Dark Romantics because they both center their works around the conflict between good and evil in every individual and showcase the dark side of human nature. In using elements from Dark Romanticism, Poe and Hawthorne create characters who struggle in their ability to find oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own true self, resulting in characterÃ¢â¬â¢s inability to accept and understand others because they are incapable of accepting sin, thus preventing the characters from then accepting themselves. In each of the stories, there lies an overwhelming distrust and lack of acceptance of others. Poe and Hawthorne begin each of their short stories by demonstrating each Narrator and Goodman Brown s inability to accept others. In Poe s The Man in the Crowd, this is seen by the Narrator s decision to follow the man which he cannot identify. The Narrator makes the decision to follow the man as it would allow him a good opportunity of examining his person, something he needs desperately, demonstrated in his infatuation with the man (Man in the Crowd 4). The Narrator s need for identification demonstrates his inability to accept others. In Poe s story Ligeia, the inability of acceptance ofShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Romantic Side of Edgar Allan Poe 1061 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfocus on the spiritual and aesthetic dimensions, and they use metaphors about organic growth. It was this era that inspired Edgar Allan Poe. Poe used the basics from Romanticism and put a darker spin on them, creating mystery and horror, seen in many works nowadays. PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s works are now widely popular and he is considered the best dark romantic (3). The w orks of Edgar Allan Poe reflect the romantic period by their creativity, little-known characters, and use of emotion. The Romantic Movement had itsRead MoreDifferent Colors Of Darkness By Nathaniel Hawthorne And Edgar Allen Poe995 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCallie Shipley Mrs. Carroll Literature 2326 5 October 2014 Different Hues of Darkness At first glance, Nathaniel Hawthorne and Edgar Allen Poe may appear as though they are two birds of a feather. Their stories are often dark and dismal, and an enduring despair runs through the tales as a common thread. However, their inspirations originate from opposite ends of the spectrum. HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s works are the offspring of legalistic Puritan values and beliefs; on the other hand, PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s stories reflect godlessnessRead MoreEdgar Allen Poe: His Life and His Work1764 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbed, we secretly make sure the closet doors are shut. Fear keeps our hearts pumping and endorphins rushing, for it is an emotion that reminds us of our mortality. How ironic it is to experience more life in our fascination with death. br brEdgar Allen Poe was a master of his craft, gifted with the talent of introducing each reader to his or her own subconscious fears. As the first writer to initiate horror, death and mystery into literature and poetry, he is blessed- or perhaps curs ed- with an
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Huckleberry Finn BannedÃ¢â¬ ¦or Not? Picture a river; not just any kind of river, the Mississippi River. Now picture yourself on a raft, but youÃ¢â¬â¢re not alone. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢re two other people with you, known as Huckleberry Finn and Jim. We will write a custom essay sample on Satire in Huck Finn or any similar topic only for you Order Now Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is known widely as a satirical novel, but due to the satirical techniques Twain uses all throughout the book has caused it to become controversial on whether it should or should not be banned. Although Twain may appear to be racist in Huckleberry Finn, he actually wrote the book during the Reconstruction Era but based the book during Pre-Civil War to show the Ã¢â¬Å"good ole timesÃ¢â¬ when the white southerners had slaves. Because Twain uses so many satirical techniques to help show readers that slavery is horrible, therefore Adventures of Huckleberry Finn should not be banned. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was and still is considered a satirical novel because of its use of caricature, broadside, irony, and social satire (maybe even a little of parody). Mark Twain uses satire to prove his point on slavery. And in order to accomplish that, he has to use all sorts of satirical techniques. He uses broadside to show the racism in the south, There isnÃ¢â¬â¢t any book out there in the world that is known that Mark Twain doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t use satire. In Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck tries to decide whether he should Ã¢â¬Å"commit a sinÃ¢â¬ to steal back a captured slave, and when he sees that he wants to steal Jim back, he tears up the note and says, Ã¢â¬Å"All right, then, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll go to h___Ã¢â¬ . 208). This is satirical because Twain is using irony to show that Huck thinks he is doing something horrible when he is actually doing a good deed. This is an example of a Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ satirical technique used in the book. However, there are plenty reasons why many schools have banned the book. For example, Twain uses broadside a lot causing libraries and schools to think of it as being racist making them banning the book. How to cite Satire in Huck Finn, Papers
Monday, April 27, 2020
Narendra Modi Essay The Grand Illusion? There may be general consensus that the election in Gujarat is a no contest but the jury is still out on whether to credit Narendra Modis performance as Chief Minister or credit his massive and expensive propaganda machine, which his critics say has vastly inflated his rather limited successes. The Modi PR machine never sleeps, but in election time, goes into overdrive. There are his surreal, and much publicised 3D speeches, 29 Vikas Raths equipped with projectors, and 10 LED Raths, each with a 110 screen, which roam interior villages. His personal website has been given a spanking new election upgrade. As has his other social media platforms: Twitter, Facebook page and Youtube channel. The frequency of advertisements on TV, print and online have multiplied. And he also has his own TV channel: NaMo Gujarat, which was launched just before the elections. But who runs this for Mr Modi, and who pays for it? As with most things related to Mr Modi, the answers are not easy to come by. The Modi spin machine appears to use a mix of official, quasi-official and private players, with fragmented responsibilities, a structure that allows for grey areas of accounting and accountability. One such hub is run in a corporate tower in Ahmedabad at the offices of Maulik Bhagat, who runs a software and media firm. Mr Bhagat is only 27 years old, but his father is a BJP party headquarter fixture. Also part of this firm is Modi confidante Parindu Bhagat. Hes a new, but integral part of the Modi spin team, creating the concept for a series of popular kabbadi ads, meant to highlight the leaderless state of the Gujarat Congress. Mr Bhagat says he is also coordinating the chief ministers mammoth online and social media campaign. We will write a custom essay sample on Narendra Modi specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Narendra Modi specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Narendra Modi specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer But at the BJP headquarters, Rajeeka Kacheeria, who heads the partys IT cell, seems to suggest that she is coordinating a similar effort. The confusion over who runs Mr Modis online operations extends to questions about the costs as well. Mr Bhagat admits that while social media is low cost, running websites and producing ads and buying ad space comes at a cost. He says he doesnt have any idea of budgets. There is equal secrecy about the other big expense: the 3D projections. The opposition claims they were quoted figures of R 5-6 crore per projection. If that were true, by the end of the election Mr Modi would have spent R 20 crore on the 3D visuals alone. But Mr Mani Shankar, the director of the projections says that his lips are sealed and he cannot talk about the deal. The same opaqueness surrounds the running of NaMo TV. All that is visible is its content: a mix of speeches, talk shows and promotional features on the government. NaMo TV and the 3D projections are run by Parag Shah, an ex-member of the chief ministers office. Mr Shah refused to come on camera. But then details of government spending have always been hard to come by. The publicity department of the Information and Broadcasting Ministry, which Mr Modi controls, in its annual budget for 2011-12 has set aside R 1 crore for hiring a PR firm in Delhi to showcase the Gujarat growth story. But expenses of different campaigns are spread out amongst different ministries, making it impossible to pinpoint ownership or a complete figure. www. ndtv. com/article/assembly-polls/narendra-modi-the-grand-illusion-306076 1/3 7/28/13 Narendra Modi: The Grand Illusion? | NDTV. com RTI activists like Trupti Shah and Rohit Prajapati describe how they were repeatedly stonewalled when they tried to get details of spending on some of Mr Modis pet schemes. Their RTI application was also about the governments claim of providing employment to 65,000 people during the Swami Vivekananda Employment Week. She said in reality the figure was much less. They were also not provided with details on the travelling expenditure of the chief minister and other ministers. As an apparent bid to show transparency in election fundraising, Mr Modi launched Dhan Sangrah scheme early this year. Controversially this set targets for party officials and ministers to raise R 500 crore from the public. The party refused to comment on how much they raised, but reports suggested that the scheme had to be abandoned after rising allegations that it was a form of indirect extortion. Gujarat Congress spokesperson Ami Yagnik says that since the voters do matdaan, one cannot ask them for dhan-daan for the party. To this Jainarayan Vyas, spokesperson for the Gujarat government, said that the targets were not for individuals but for party units. He admits that while he managed to meet his targets, many fell short. In their defence, Mr Modis team claims the publicity machine is low-cost, because it is propelled by adoring volunteers. Like an army of online followers who spread his word and take on his critics. Ms Rajeeka says that about four to five thousand people are involved in retweeting Mr Modis tweets and spreading his word. She says that his online followers are genuine. And yet, soon after Mr Modis spin machine declared that he crossed a million followers on Twitter, the hype was somewhat deflated by a piece of news which said almost 40% of his followers were fake. Ms Rajeeka claims this is a deliberate conspiracy to defame Mr Modi. So are claims of Ms Modis vast support base as exaggerated as his achievements? The Congress rather feeble counter narrative to the Modi success narrative is ads that make a parody of a popular folk song and describe the Gujarat CM as a phenku or exaggerator. A greater worry for the BJP is the powerful Gujarati press, which seems to have done a U-turn on Mr Modi. In a rare interview, Shreyans Shah, editor of Gujarat Samachar, the states largest selling daily, says that he would give (Modi) all compliments for his marketing ability. He is an excellent marketing manager and marketing man and he can sell a fridge in the North Pole. We asked Jainarayan Vyas about the anomalies in the claims being made by the Gujarat chief ministers spin machine. For instance Planning Commission figures show that Gujarat comes sixth in Agriculture, fifth in literacy rate and 10th in sex ratio. Mr Vyas says that while its true that some states maybe growing faster than Gujarat, this could be because they operate from a lower base. Selling Mr Modi to Gujarat is one thing but how did the Modi PR machine sell him to the world? The origins of the Modi PR hardsell began in the immediate aftermath of the 2002 riots. The ad firm Grey Worldwide, which had come up with the concept of Vibrant Gujarat for the tourism department, was given a wider and more ambitious brief to convert Vibrant Gujarat into an investor summit. In the words of a PR professional, it was to create happy, happening images of Gujarat. Since 2003, the five editions of Vibrant Gujarat claimed to have brought in pledges of 800 billion dollars, which some claim is unrealistic. Former Hindu journalist Nina Vyas says the Vibrant Gujarat website claims they had over 800 billion dollars of MoU totally. For the same period of 10 years, the Reserve Bank says that Gujarat got only seven billion dollars. So, where is 800 billion dollars and where is seven billion dollars? And you can see the absurdity of the figure because the whole of China for the same period received a total of 600 billion dollars in foreign direct investment (FDI). I mean its an utter web of lies. When it is pointed out that Gujarat trails at number 5 as an FDI destination, Mr Vyas says it is unfair to only go by FDI figures and that other sectors have flourished, citing the example of auto majors Maruti and Tata. But the summits may have served their intended purpose. Manoj Ladwa , a UK-based lawyer and a Whitehall insider, is believed to have laid much of the groundwork that led to the UKs U-turn on Mr Modi. He spoke of how anti-Modi voices in the UK, like Curry King Lord Gulam Noon and Lord Meghnad Desai, changed their mind about the Gujarat chief minister. Some reports suggested that the change of heart maybe because of lobbying by firms like APCO Worldwide, the PR firm which replaced Grey in 2009. www. ndtv. com/article/assembly-polls/narendra-modi-the-grand-illusion-306076 2/3 7/28/13 Narendra Modi: The Grand Illusion? NDTV. com APCO refused to respond to specific questions on lobbying and instead claimed: Our mandate is limited to positioning Gujarat as an investment destination of choice and the Vibrant Gujarat Summit as a global business and knowledge hub. Mr Manoj says it is not lobbying but the Vibrant Gujarat success story which brought this turnaround. He says that the starting p oint was in fact the statement made by the British High Commissioner after meeting Mr Modi, where he said that engagement with Mr Modi would happen if it was in their national self-interest, which would primarily mean business interest. But when asked to name big investors that have set up shop after 10 years of hardsell, he says its not about the big ticket but whats happening on the ground with smaller players across different sectors. With victory in sight, any exercise to point out loopholes in Mr Modis claims might be academic. But is using a political PR blitz to paper over a controversial past and win elections good for the health of Indian democracy? (With inputs from Niha Masih)
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Foreign Affairs essays Future Involvement in Foreign Affairs Since the United States is one of the last remaining super powers have the obligation to maintain and support good relations with the nations throughout the world. We should take full advantage of this different ways. First the U.S. must focus on investing and trading with have yet to become economic powers; second, we must implement a consistent policy towards the Middle Eastern nations: third, the United States needs attempts and results of the democratization and religious revivals in the Latin America, while taking a passive role in letting the a Western type its course: and forth, the U.S. must ease and downplay its conflict with who dislike the "Western people" and their way of life. Obviously, foreign investment is necessary for the future of nations as well as our own. There must be an emphasis on foreign otherwise the third world nations will continue to fall behind and domestically, which could lead to an economic downfall for the U.S. as question then arises as to what the United States must do in order to have agreements with other countries other than Japan and Mexico. In order for play a more active role in the economic and political development of many developing nations, it must first accept a different philosophy than its is imperative for the United States to play a similar role in Latin has played with many of the developing nations in East Asia. The U.S. America, and if it wants to play the role of big brother, it must accept Japan has invested, traded, and been a guide for many of it's neighboring Asia, making them grow politically and economically while also profiting itself (Japan Remains 1996). The U.S. must realize that the economies of Nations will play an important part in the future of our own economy, and begin to lead, invest, and aid not just Mexico, but countries such as Bolivia, and Columbia into the ...
Monday, March 2, 2020
Avignon Papacy - When the Popes Resided in France The term Avignon Papacy refers to the Catholic papacy during the period 1309-1377, when the popes lived in and operated out of Avignon, France, instead of their traditional home in Rome. The Avignon Papacy was also known as: The Babylon Captivity (a reference to the forced detention of Jews in Babylonia c. 598 B.C.E.) Origins of the Avignon Papacy: Philip IV of France was instrumental in securing the election of Clement V, a Frenchman, to the papacy in 1305. This was an unpopular outcome in Rome, where factionalism made Clements life as pope stressful. To escape the oppressive atmosphere, in 1309 Clement chose to move the papal capital to Avignon, which was the property of papal vassals at that time. The French Nature of the Avignon Papacy: The majority of the men that Clement V appointed as cardinals were French; and since the cardinals elected the pope, this meant that future popes were likely to be French, as well. All seven of the Avignonese popes and 111 of the 134 cardinals created during the Avignon papacy were French. Although the Avignonese popes were able to maintain a measure of independence, the French kings did exert some influence from time to time, and the appearance of French influence on the papacy, whether real or not, was undeniable. The Avignonese Popes: 1305-1314: Clement V1316-1334: John XXII1334-1342: Benedict XII1342-1352: Clement VI1352-1362: Innocent VI1362-1370: Urban V1370-1378: Gregory XI Achievements of the Avignon Papacy: The popes were not idle during their time in France. Some of them made sincere efforts to improve the situation of the Catholic Church and to achieve peace in Christendom. Among their achievements: The administrative offices and other agencies of the papacy were extensively, and effectively, reorganized and centralized.Missionary enterprises were expanded; ultimately, they would reach as far as China.University education was promoted.The College of Cardinals began to strengthen their role in the government of church affairs.Attempts were made to settle secular conflicts. The Avignon Papacys Poor Reputation: The Avignon popes were not as much under the control of the French kings as it has been charged (or as the kings would have liked). However, some popes did bow to royal pressure, as Clement V did to a degree in the matter of the Templars. Although Avignon belonged to the papacy (it was purchased from papal vassals in 1348), there was nevertheless the perception that it belonged to France, and that the popes were, therefore, beholden to the French Crown for their livelihoods. In addition, the Papal States in Italy now had to answer to French authorities. Italian interests in the papacy had in past centuries resulted in just as much corruption as in Avignon, if not more so, but this did not stop Italians from attacking the Avignon popes with fervor. One particularly vociferous critic was Petrarch, who had spent most of his childhood in Avignon and, after taking minor orders, was to spend more time there in clerical service. In a famous letter to a friend, he described Avignon as the Babylon of the West, a sentiment that took hold in the imagination of future scholars. The End of the Avignon Papacy: Both Catherine of Siena and St. Bridget of Sweden are credited with persuading Pope Gregory XI to return the See to Rome. This he did on Jan. 17, 1377. But Gregorys stay in Rome was plagued with hostilities, and he seriously considered returning to Avignon. Before he could make any move, however, he died in March 1378. The Avignon Papacy had officially ended. Repercussions of the Avignon Papacy: When Gregory XI moved the See back to Rome, he did so over the objections of the Cardinals in France. The man elected to succeed him, Urban VI, was so hostile to the cardinals that 13 of them met to choose another pope, who, far from replacing Urban, could only stand in opposition to him. Thus began the Western Schism (a.k.a. the Great Schism), in which two popes and two papal curiae existed simultaneously for another four decades. The bad reputation of the Avignon administration, whether deserved or not, would damage the prestige of the papacy. Many Christians were already facing crises of faith thanks to the problems encountered during and after the Black Death. The gulf between the Catholic Church and lay Christians seeking spiritual guidance would only widen.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
CRITIQUE of 1 out of 4 FILMS - Essay Example Maria searches for Kynaston to learn more about the craft of acting. What they find in each other is something that they never found on stage Ã¢â¬â love. The basic human drive that motivates HughesÃ¢â¬â¢ and KynastonÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior, I think, is the need for acceptance and search for identity. Kynaston grew up being trained to portray female roles in the theater. It was on stage that he found his identity regardless of the roles he played. King Charles IIÃ¢â¬â¢s proclamation indirectly detached Kynaston from his true being, leaving him searching for his identity. Hughes, meanwhile, was an aspiring actress who struggled to find her identity on stage. Although considered a star in her own right, Hughes needed an affirmation and validation for her acting skills which she struggled to get on stage. The film Ã¢â¬Å"Stage BeautyÃ¢â¬ shows the fine artistry in portraying roles that are alien to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s being, as in KynastonÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayal of female roles. Acting like a man or a woman on stage can be learned through years of training and hard work. The stage, therefore, is the place where these various roles are performed and lived out. The stageÃ¢â¬â¢s appeal lies in the illusion and trickery conjured by its performers who act out different roles. Like the society from which we play a part (whether as a mother, a son, or a lover, for instance), the world is our very own stage where these gender roles are played out, or rather, performed to maintain the trickery and illusion which separate one gender from the other. The film, as this paper argues, breaks the artifice of gender roles by showing precisely that these roles are performances rather than naturally occurring through oneÃ¢â¬â¢s identity. Moreover, the film challenges societyÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of how a ma n or a woman should be and invites us to transcend the differences between gender roles. The filmÃ¢â¬â¢s elements (mise-en-scene, cinematography, editing, music, and